Glossary of crypto trading terms

Region: Europe
Dec 15, 2023, 9:20:45 AM Published By Yves Renno

If you read our article on a ‘Beginners Guide to Trading Crypto’ week, you’ll know that one of the key points is to DYOR - do your own research.

You’ll want to take some time educating yourself about the world of trading but be warned, there’s a lot of jargon out there that you probably won’t understand. So we’ve pulled together a glossary of 30 key trading terms that are often thrown around in crypto trading! 

  1. Blockchain: A decentralised, distributed ledger that records all transactions across multiple computers or nodes 
  2. Cryptocurrency: a digital currency that uses cryptography for security and operates independently of a central bank on the blockchain 
  3. Altcoin: Any crypto other than BTC, including Ethereum, Ripple, Litecoin etc. 
  4. Exchange: A platform where crypto can be bought, sold, and traded 
  5. Volatility: Rapid and significant price fluctuations that are common in the crypto market 
  6. Liquidity: The ease with which an asset can be bought or sold without causing significant price changes, where a deep market with plenty of liquidity indicates a healthy market 
  7. Liquidity pools: A supply of funds locked in a smart contract that are provided by traders to facilitate trading in decentralised exchanges (DEXs). These pools enable users to trade crypto without relying on traditional order books 
  8. Market order: An order to buy or sell a cryptocurrency at the best available price in the market 
  9. Order book: A record of buy and sell orders for a particular crypto, displaying the quantity and price at which traders are willing to buy or sell 
  10. Take profit: An order placed by a trader to automatically sell crypto when its price reaches a predetermined level of profit, which is used to secure gains 
  11. Stop loss: An order placed by a trader to automatically sell a crypto once a specified price is reached, which is designed to limit losses or lock in profits 
  12. Positions: Refers to the holdings or open trades of a trader in a specific cryptocurrency, indicating whether a trader is "long" or "short" on a particular asset 
  13. Spread: The difference between the highest bid and the lowest ask price in a market 
  14. Longing: When you open a position by buying a crypto with the expectation that its price will rise. Traders who "go long" profit when the price increases. 
  15. Shorting: When you open a position by selling a cryptocurrency, with the expectation that its price will decline, and intend to buy it back when its price falls below the point at which you sold it. Traders who "short" profit when the price decreases. 
  16. Market cap: Short for ‘market capitalisation’, this represents the total value of a particular crypto, and is calculated by multiplying the current price of the token (usually in dollars) by the number of available coins circulating 
  17. Candlestick chart: A graphical representation of price movements of a cryptocurrency over a specific period, which shows the opening, closing, high, and low prices in the form of "candles" on a chart 
  18. Support level: A price level at which buying pressure is expected to outweigh selling pressure, causing the price to stop falling or "find support" and potentially rise 
  19. Resistance level: A price level at which selling pressure is expected to outweigh buying pressure, causing the price to stop rising or "face resistance" and potentially fall 
  20. Derivatives: Financial instruments that derive their value from an underlying crypto asset or benchmark, allowing traders to speculate on price movements of cryptocurrencies without owning the underlying asset 
  21. Arbitrage: The practice of taking advantage of price differences in different markets and exchanges to make a risk-free profit 
  22. Yield: The return on an investment expressed as a percentage of the initial investment or the current market value 
  23. Yield farming: A practice in DeFi where users provide liquidity to decentralised exchanges or lending platforms and earn rewards or interest in the form of additional tokens 
  24. Leverage: Using borrowed funds to increase the potential return of an investment, allowing traders to control larger positions with a smaller amount of capital 
  25. Technical analysis: A trading analysis method that involves studying the historical price and volume data of crypto to forecast future price movements 
  26. Fundamental analysis: A trading analysis method that involves evaluating a crypto’s intrinsic value by analysing economic and financial factors that might influence the price of a token 
  27. Bull market: A market characterised by rising prices and optimism among traders 
  28. Bear market: A market characterised by falling prices and pessimism among traders 
  29. HODL (Hold On for Dear Life): A misspelling of "hold," often used in crypto communities to encourage people to hold their crypto as a long-term investment strategy 
  30. FUD (Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt): A term used to describe negative information or rumours spread in the cryptocurrency community to create fear and uncertainty, potentially leading to a decrease in prices